Exploring what helps make urban areas resilient to natural and man-made shocks and why some places are more able to withstand shocks than others.
We live in an increasingly urban world. How our towns and cities cope with shocks and hazards, both natural and manmade, is of increasing interest to policy makers, businesses and, of course, residents themselves. Some cities and towns appear to be more resilient to shocks and crises than others. Why this is and what lessons can be learnt from this is the subject of much discussion and debate.
Drawing on recent research, we consider the various ways in which resilience is portrayed, the opportunities and challenges inherent in actions promoting urban resilience and some of the criticisms of the concept. We are particularly interested in how the choices of individual households, firms and public bodies shape resilience outcomes and how these choices are in turn shaped by the surrounding environment.
In this section we focus on more generic questions of what constitutes urban resilience and how this might be encouraged. The more specific consideration of the resilience of urban economies and the resilience of towns and cities to water shocks have their own collection of material.